Important Information On G Tube Feeding

G tubes are an important tool in the managing of people that have a problem with the upper gastrointestinal tract. They are designed to be fitted through the anterior abdominal wall so that contents are emptied directly into the stomach. Several different types of the tube exist the commonest being what is referred to as the PEG or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube in full. You need to understand a number of important things when dealing with g tube feeding.

The commonest reason for the use of this device in patients is inability to swallow. This may be as a result of obstructing tumors, neuromuscular disorders or illnesses that result in a reduction in the level of consciousness. Such persons need enteral feeding to reduce their risk of suffering from aspiration pneumonia. The treatment is also recommended for persons that are at a risk of suffering from malnutrition due to reduce oral intake.

Placing the device in the stomach is a procedure that is associated with very few complications. As a matter of fact, it is done as a day case in most centers. An endoscope is first passed down the esophagus into the abdominal cavity using its powerful source of light as a guide. With a suture fixed on one of the ends, the tube is then guided through and passed to the outside through an incision on the anterior abdominal wall. The entire exercise lasts about 20 minutes.

Feeding tubes are used in all age groups. In children, it is frequently used to help supplement diet among children assessed to be at risk of malnutrition due to inadequate oral intake. This may be done temporarily until the children are able to feed adequately on their own. There has been huge success associated with the use of these feeding devices in children.

You need to look out for several complications that may be seen when these devices are used. One of those that are frequently encountered is the leakage of stomach contents which contain hydrochloric acid. The acid has the potential to irritate the peritoneum and cause a serious condition known as peritonitis. Peritonitis is a potentially fatal condition and requires prompt surgical intervention.

Instructions on how to use these feeding devices will be given by your doctor or nurse. When in doubt, consult a manual that comes with the device. You will need a 60 cc syringe to deliver the food, a measuring cup, a clean food container and of course the liquid food that has been prescribed by your doctor. Ensure that you flush the tube with clean water after feeding. This helps to minimize the instances of clogging.

The design of most of these devices is such that they can be easily changed in the home setting. This is often required if the tube is to be used for a long period of time due to the effects of wear and tear. Changing may also be needed when the lumen gets clogged. If the skin around the device gets irritated, use a barrier cream to minimize the irritation.

Gastric feeding tubes have been established to be an effective method of delivering nutrition to persons that cannot swallow or eat adequately. They may be inserted as a temporary measure as happens frequently in children. Many of them are easy to fix and replace but there may be complications at times. Consult your doctor if you notice something unusual.

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